|Coronary Angiography and Angioplasty|
Coronary Angiography and Angioplasty
Acute myocardial infarction (MI), or a heart attack, is the leading cause of death and disability throughout the world. According to the Ministry of Public Health, approximately two Thais die every hour as a result of heart disease.
Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the cause of a heart attack. It occurs when the arteries supplying blood to the heart harden and narrow down due to the buildup of plaque on the walls of the arteries. When this condition, called atherosclerosis by the medical profession, becomes severe, a clot is likely to form within the artery that will cut off most or all of the blood flowing through the artery to the heart. The result is an MI.
A number of factors increase the risk of developing CAD. Particularly important is aging: men over 45 and women over 55 are more likely to suffer from CAD. Other risk factors include smoking, obesity, diabetes, high blood pressure, high blood cholesterol, lack of physical activity, and family history of heart problems. The classic symptoms of an MI are chest pain (angina), shortness of breath, nausea, sweating, palpitations and anxiety.
Cardiac Angiography is a procedure using contrast material injected into the arteries of the heart searching for abnormalities. This allows doctor to view the flow of blood through your heart.
Coronary Angioplasty (PTCA)
Interventional cardiologists perform an angioplasty when a cardiac angiography detects an abnormality in one or more arteries of the heart. An interventional cardiologist may consider a balloon insertion procedure to open narrowed arteries to allow a better blood flow to the heart.