Healthbase Medical Tourism Dental Tourism - Healthcare Beyond Boundaries Healthcare Beyond Boundaries™
1-888-691-4584
1-617-564-1795
Login      Bookmark this page   Sitemap   Increase the font size Decrease the font size
 
Share: facebook

THYROID CANCER

What is thyroid?

thyroid gland illustration 

Illustration of thyroid gland

The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland in the neck, just above the collarbone. Thyroid is a part of the endocrine system. The thyroid gland makes hormones that help the body work normally. It plays a major role in regulating the body`s metabolism.

What is thyroid cancer?

Thyroid cancer is a cancerous growth of the thyroid gland.

Types of thyroid cancer

There are several types of thyroid cancer:

  • Papillary thyroid cancer or Papillary carcinoma is the most common type (about 80% of thyroid cancer cases), and usually affects women of childbearing age. It spreads slowly and is the least dangerous type of thyroid cancer.
  • Follicular thyroid cancer or Follicular carcinoma accounts for about 15% of all cases and is more likely to come back and spread.
  • Medullary thyroid cancer or Medullary carcinoma is a cancer of nonthyroid cells that are normally present in the thyroid gland. It makes up about 3% of all thyroid cancer cases. This form of the thyroid cancer tends to occur in families. It requires different treatment than other types of thyroid cancer.
  • Anaplastic thyroid cancer or Anaplastic carcinoma (also called giant and spindle cell cancer) is the most dangerous form of thyroid cancer. It is rare (about 2% of all thyroid cancers), and does not respond to radioiodine therapy. Anaplastic carcinoma spreads quickly and invades nearby structures such as the windpipe (trachea), causing breathing difficulties.

Risk factors for thyroid cancer

  • Being between ages 25 and 65
  • Being a woman
  • Being Asian
  • Having a family member who has had thyroid disease or medullary thyroid cancer
  • Having radiation treatments to your head or neck
  • Family history of goiters or colon growths

Signs and symptoms of thyroid cancer

  • A lump in the front of the neck
  • Hoarseness or voice changes
  • Swollen lymph nodes in the neck
  • Enlargement of the thyroid gland
  • Neck swelling
  • Pain in the throat or neck that does not go away
  • Cough
  • Difficulty swallowing or breathing

Note: Symptoms may vary depending on the type of thyroid cancer.

Diagnostic tests and exams for thyroid cancer

  • Physical exam to check the thyroid for lumps (nodules), and neck and nearby lymph nodes for growths or swelling.
  • Laryngoscopy to see if the vocal cords are moving normally.
  • Elevated serum calcitonin (for medullary cancer) or serum thyroglobulin (for papillary or follicular cancer).
  • Blood hormone studies to check for abnormal levels of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) and the calcitonin hormone.
  • Blood chemistry studies to measure the amounts of certain substances released into the blood by organs and tissues in the body.
  • Radioactive iodine scan (RAI scan) to find areas in the body where thyroid cancer cells may be dividing quickly.
  • Ultrasound exam to show the size of a thyroid tumor and whether it is solid or a fluid -filled cyst. Ultrasound may be used to guide a fine-needle aspiration biopsy.
  • CT scan (CAT scan)
  • MRI (magnetic resonance imaging)
  • PET scan (positron emission tomography scan)
  • Fine-needle aspiration biopsy of the thyroid to remove thyroid tissue samples to look for cancer cells.
  • Surgical biopsy to remove the thyroid nodule or one lobe of the thyroid during surgery to check for signs of cancer.

Treatment of thyroid cancer

Treatment options depend on the following:

  • Patient`s age
  • Thyroid cancer type (papillary, follicular, medullary, or anaplastic)
  • Cancer stage
  • Patient`s general health
  • Whether the patient has multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2B (MEN 2B)
  • Whether the cancer has just been diagnosed or has recurred (come back)
  • Whether the cancer has spread

Following are the treatment options in use:

  • Surgery: Surgery is the most common treatment of thyroid cancer. One of the following procedures may be used:
    • Lobectomy: Removal of the lobe in which thyroid cancer is found. Biopsies of lymph nodes in the area may be done to see if they contain cancer.
    • Near-total thyroidectomy: Removal of all but a very small part of the thyroid.
    • Total thyroidectomy: Removal of the whole thyroid.
    • Lymphadenectomy: Removal of lymph nodes in the neck that contain cancer.
  • Radioactive iodine therapy (RAI): Radiation therapy may be given after surgery to kill any thyroid cancer cells that were not removed. Follicular and papillary thyroid cancers are sometimes treated with radioactive iodine (RAI) therapy. Higher doses than the amounts used to diagnose thyroid cancer are used. RAI is taken by mouth and collects in any remaining thyroid tissue, including thyroid cancer cells that have spread to other places in the body. Since only thyroid tissue takes up iodine, the RAI destroys thyroid tissue and thyroid cancer cells without harming other tissue. Before a full treatment dose of RAI is given, a small test-dose is given to see if the tumor takes up the iodine.
  • Thyroid hormone therapy: Hormone therapy is a cancer treatment that removes hormones or blocks their action and stops cancer cells from growing. In the treatment of thyroid cancer, drugs may be given to prevent the body from making thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), a hormone that can increase the chance that thyroid cancer will grow or recur. Also, because thyroid cancer treatment kills thyroid cells, the thyroid is not able to make enough thyroid hormone. Patients are given thyroid hormone replacement pills.
  • External radiation therapy: Use of high-energy x-rays or other types of radiation to kill cancer cells or keep them from growing.
  • Chemotherapy: Use of drugs to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing.

Related links

Free Quote
Free Quote
Healthbase, an award-winning* medical tourism facilitator in USA, is the trusted source for global medical and dental choices, connecting patients to leading healthcare facilities worldwide. We arrange a variety of medical tourism services from basic consultations to full service treatment abroad. We help you to take care of all your medical tourism details from arranging the surgery and financing options to visas, travel, lodging and tourism.

Healthbase caters to the needs of individual consumers, self-funded businesses, insurance carriers, benefit consultants, insurance agents, and third party administrators seeking affordable medical travel and dental travel options. Our state-of-the-art, easy to use, information rich web-based system makes it easy to coordinate international medical care including necessary travel and accommodation for patients and their companions, all at one place.

The cost of surgical care at our ever growing network of affiliated institutions is typically a fraction of the cost of care in the U.S. with equal or superior outcomes. Healthbase arranges first class services for patients at major internationally accredited hospitals in Thailand, India, Singapore, Malaysia, Philippines, South Korea, Turkey, Belgium, Hungary, Costa Rica, Panama, Brazil, Mexico, USA and is expanding to Canada, UK, Jordan,Taiwan, Argentina, New Zealand, Australia, El Salvador and Guatemala.

We offer over two hundred medical, dental and cosmetic procedures in various categories: Orthopedic procedures such as hip replacement, Birmingham hip resurfacing, artificial knee replacement, rotator cuff repair, knee surgery; Cardiac and Vascular procedures like heart bypass (multiple coronary artery bypass graft or CABG), aortic aneurysm repair, heart valve repair, heat valve replacement, angioplasty, RF Ablation; Spinal procedures such as spine fusion, laminectomy, disc replacement; Weight-loss procedures like gastric bypass, lap band, gastric sleeve; Eye procedures like LASIK; Cosmetic and Plastic surgery procedures such as breast augmentation, face lift, rhinoplasty (nose surgery), liposuction; Dental procedures such as orthognathic surgery, dental bridges, dental implants, dental crowns; dental veneers; and hundreds of other procedures in the departments of Urology, General surgery, Wellness and many more. The savings are up to 80% of typical US hospital prices.

Medical Tourism, also termed as Medical Travel, Health Travel, Health Tourism, Global Healthcare, Medical Vacation, Medical Value Travel, Medical Treatment Abroad, International Medical, Surgical Tourism, Surgery Abroad, Surgical Trip, Healthcare Abroad, Medical Outsourcing, offshore Medical and Overseas Medical, is the act of traveling abroad to receive medical, dental and cosmetic care. Significantly lower cost for best practice care is usually the primary motivation behind medical tourism although some medical tourists go abroad for immediate availability of procedures and to seek treatments that are not available in their home country. Patients frequently also take advantage of the opportunity to vacation and tour inexpensively in the foreign country while they are visiting for health care. Signup to know more about medical or dental tourism.

* - Awarded the "Best Website for Accessing International Medical Information for Patients/Consumers" by Consumer Health World 2007.


Share:facebook
Trusted Source for Medical Tourism and Dental Tourism

Medical Tourism Singapore | Medical Tourism India | Medical Tourism Thailand | Medical Tourism Mexico | Medical Tourism Turkey
Medical Tourism Costa Rica | Medical Tourism Panama | Medical Tourism Belgium | Medical Tourism Europe | Medical Tourism Asia | Medical Tourism Philippines | Medical Tourism In The United States Of America | Medical Tourism Latin America | Medical Tourism North America | Medical Tourism Brazil | Medical Tourism Spain | Medical Tourism New Zealand | Medical Tourism South Korea | Medical Tourism Philippines | Medical Tourism Jordan | Medical Tourism Virtual Tours | Medical Tourism Translation | Medical Tourism Patient Testimonials | Frequently Asked Questions - Medical Tourism | Resources - Medical Tourism | Medical Tourism Blog | Medical Tourism Tips | Medical Tourism Guide | Medical Tourism - Medical Outsourcing | Top 10 Reasons Why Medical Tourism is Popular | Medical Tourism Information | Medical Tourism Map | Medical Tourism - Conferences | Dental Tourism | Domestic Medical Tourism | Medical Tourism Association | Medical Tourism Plans For Insurers | Medical Tourism Plans For Employers | Medical Tourism Travel Insurance | Medical Tourism Flight Status | Medical Tourism Passport Status | Medical Tourism Airlines Contact Numbers | Medical Tourism Financing | Medical Tourism World Clock | Medical Tourism Currency Converter | Medical Tourism Conference 2008 | Medical Tourism Patient Stories | Medical Tourism Travel
The first place winner of the 2007 Consumer Health World Award in the category of Best Website for Accessing International Medical Information for Patients/Consumers
©2006 Healthbase Online Inc. All rights reserved. | About us | Link to us | Terms and Conditions | Privacy Policy | Credits | Feedback | Resources
1-617-564-1795     Best viewed with Firefox1.5+ and IE6 | Sitemap | Powered by Healthbase.com
Please consider the environment before printing this page